Best IVF Centre in Kolkata
In vitro fertilization, commonly referred to as IVF, is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) for couples who want to grow their families, but could not do it naturally. The process of Best IVF Centre in Kolkata involves the extraction of eggs and sperm and their manual combination in a controlled environment, in an IVF laboratory. The resulting embryo (s) are implanted in the uterus. The embryos could also be frozen for future use based on the requirement.
Although in vitro fertilization is commonly used in cases of infertility, it can be an effective option for people with known hereditary or genetic conditions or for patients who wish to create embryos and raise families later. In vitro fertilization is often used as a fertility treatment for the following conditions:
If you have blocked fallopian tubes.
If you have had repeated pregnancy failure
If you are a same-sex couple or single by choice
If you had frozen your eggs and now you want to conceive using those.
If you use eggs or sperm from a donor to conceive
Best Fertility Centre in Kolkata
The IVF Treatment Process
The following steps describe what you can expect if you are undergoing IVF treatment.
Step 1: Tests on Day 2 of your menstrual cycle.
Doctors do some basic hormonal tests, Baseline scans and trial embryo transfer on Day 2 of your cycle.
Step 2: Ovarian stimulation
Doctors will prescribe one or more drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce mature eggs. Typically, these are given over a period of 10 to 11 days. Additional hormones (eg, estrogen, DHEA, drugs to improve blood supply of the uterus) may also be needed.
Step 3: Track your response
Doctors will monitor your progress and make sure your ovaries are responding to your treatment. They will assess it with an ultrasound and blood tests.
Step 4: Maturation of the eggs
If all goes well, you will receive a hormone injection 34 to 36 days before the egg collection. This will activate the maturation of the eggs.
Step 5: Egg retrieval
You will undergo a quick and easy procedure undershot general anesthesia to collect the eggs. The doctor uses a precision ultrasound-guided technique to collect the eggs.
Step 6: Deliver sperm
On the day of egg retrieval, the male partner will provide a sample of fresh sperm. Male partners frozen sperms can also be utilized if the fresh sample is not possible on the day. If you need a sperm donor, this will be arranged in advance so that the sperm is available.
Step 7: Create your embryos
The embryologist will combine the sperm and the egg in a laboratory designed for in vitro fertilization. If the process is successful, the eggs will be fertilized and the development of the embryo will begin.
Step 8: Implant your embryos
Three to five days after fertilization, your doctor will implant one or two embryos in your uterus
Step 9: Freeze additional embryos
If there are any embryos left, you can freeze them using a process called cryopreservation for future embryo transfers, if desired.
Step 10: Pregnancy test
days after the embryo transfer, a blood test will be done to measure your HCG level and determine if you are pregnant. If the test is positive, we do a urine pregnancy test after 10 days. If this too comes positive an ultrasound scan is advisable after 10 days.
Title: Understanding Infertility, its Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Infertility can be a challenging journey for couples trying to conceive. If you’ve been actively attempting to get pregnant for a year without success, it may be time to consult a fertility specialist. In this article, we’ll explore the various causes of infertility, when to seek help, the diagnostic tests involved, and the available treatment options.
Infertility is a condition that hinders an individual or couple’s ability to conceive. The process of pregnancy involves several steps, including the production of reproductive hormones, egg development, ovulation, fertilization, and implantation. If any of these steps fail to occur, pregnancy becomes difficult or impossible.
When to Consult a Fertility Specialist:
1. Trying for Over a Year (Age < 35): If you’re under 35 and have actively attempted to conceive for 12 months with no success, consulting a fertility specialist is advisable.
2. Experiencing Multiple Miscarriages: Three or more miscarriages should prompt a visit to a fertility specialist to investigate potential underlying causes.
3. Menstrual Irregularities: Irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or the absence of periods may indicate hormonal imbalances or other reproductive health issues.
4. History of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): A history of STIs, which can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), should prompt a consultation with a fertility specialist.
Diagnostic Tests for Fertility:
When you visit a fertility specialist, a comprehensive assessment is conducted, including medical history, physical exams, and diagnostic tests. These tests help identify the causes of infertility or recurrent miscarriages. Common fertility tests include:
1. Sperm Analysis (for Men): This test assesses sperm count, motility, and morphology to determine male fertility.
2. Blood Tests for Ovulation (for Women): Hormonal imbalances affecting ovulation can be detected through blood tests.
3. Transvaginal Ultrasound (for Women): This procedure assesses the health of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes.
4. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) (for Women): HSG involves injecting dye into the cervix to check for blocked fallopian tubes.
5. Laparoscopic Surgery: This minimally invasive surgery is performed to diagnose and address issues like endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease.
Treatment Options for Infertility:
There are three main approaches to treating infertility:
1. Medications: Fertility medications can help stimulate ovulation or address hormonal imbalances in both men and women.
2. Surgery: Surgical interventions may be necessary to correct issues such as blocked fallopian tubes or conditions like endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
3. Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART): ART includes procedures like intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and using donor eggs or sperm.
– IUI is suitable for mild male infertility or cervical mucus issues.
– IVF is recommended for blocked fallopian tubes, unexplained infertility, and egg freezing.
– ICSI is used in cases of male infertility where sperm may struggle to penetrate the egg.
– Donor eggs or sperm can be considered for individuals with poor-quality gametes.
Treatment for Multiple Miscarriages:
Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS) can help in cases of recurrent pregnancy loss by detecting chromosomal abnormalities in embryos. PGS identifies healthy embryos, improving the chances of successful pregnancy.
Infertility can be a complex issue, but with the guidance of fertility specialists and the right treatment options, many couples can achieve their dream of having a child. Seeking help early and undergoing the necessary diagnostic tests are crucial steps in the journey toward parenthood. Remember, there are various treatments available to address specific fertility challenges, providing hope for those facing infertility.